A total knee arthoscopy is a surgical technique to diagnose and treat problems in the knee joint. During this procedure, your surgeon will make a very small incision and insert a tiny camera called as an arthroscope into your knee. This will allow to view the inside of the joint on a screen. Then your surgeon can investigate a problem with the knee and if required will correct the issue using the small instruments within the arthroscope. An arthroscopy will diagnose several knee problems including a misaligned kneecap or a torn meniscus. It can repair the ligaments of the joints. The outlook is good for most patients and the recovery time and prognosis will depend on the severity of the knee problem and the complexity of the required procedure.
There are limited risks to the total knee arthoscopy that occurs infrequently and are minor and treatable. The potential postoperative problems with the knee arthoscopy include blood clots, infection and accumulation of the blood in the knee. If you experience any of these warning signs, then you should immediately call your orthopaedic surgeon. The warning signs include chills, fever, persistent or increased pain, increasing pain in your calf muscle, persistent warmth or redness around the knee and significant swelling in the knee.
Your doctor will recommend you to undergo a total knee arthoscopy is you are experiencing knee pain. After diagnosing the condition causing your pain or the doctor will order arthoscopy to help find a diagnosis, in either of the cases, it is a useful way for the doctors to confirm the source of your knee pain and treat the problem. It can diagnose and treat the knee injuries such as patella that’s out of position, torn meniscus or the cartilage between the bones in the knee, the torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments, removing a Baker’s cyst, swollen synovium or the lining of the joint, pieces of the torn cartilage which are loose in the joint and the fractures in the knee bones.
Technical advances leading to high definition monitors and high resolution cameras and other improvements have made arthroscopy a very effective tool to treat the knee problems. This procedure is done through small incisions. Your surgeon will use an arthroscope to feel, repair and remove the damaged tissue by using the small surgical instruments that are inserted through the other incisions around the knee. If you decide to undergo a total knee arthoscopy, you need a complete physical examination from family physician before the surgery. He/ she will assess your health and identify any problems which could interfere with your surgery.
Before the surgery, inform your orthopaedic surgeon about any supplements or medications that you take so that you will be asked to stop taking them before the surgery. To plan your procedure, your surgeon may order a pre-operative tests such as blood counts or an EKG. Almost all the total knee arthoscopy surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis.
You will be asked to arrive at the hospital an hour or two before the surgery. Do not drink or eat anything after midnight the night before your surgery. Before surgery, you will be given either local, regional or general anesthesia. The orthopaedic surgeon with Best Price Hospital for Arthoscopy Surgery will perform the procedure that will last from 30 minutes to an hour depending on the findings and the required treatments.